The concept of the Internet of Things is one of the popular trends of modern futurology. However, it is something different from other concepts. Namely - the fact that she has already begun to materialize. However, there are not enough conditions for its more deeply involved in real life at the moment. On the one hand, it slows down the excitement of developers who would like to see the concept implemented in practice. And on the other hand, it provides relative calm to those who are not ready for such technological development trends in 2020.
Regarding the development of the Internet of things (IoT) in the future, there are a variety of concepts and theories. We found the opinion of Alexey Turchin quite interesting. Alexey is a part of Ericsson Company. He is the Head Manager of IT Business Development in Ukraine, Europe, and Asia. The specialist who analyzes not only technologies but also their perspectives, as well as risks.
What does it mean ‘Internet of Things’?
Internet of Things (shortly IoT) is a global network of physical devices that are connected to the Internet due to the presence of special equipment. Such equipment provides special sensors, devices for transmitting information, sensors. Devices are connected to the centers that are responsible for the control of information, it's project management and processing.
If we talk about the Internet of things as a separate phenomenon, then it became one in the mid-2000s. The key point can be considered the stage when the number of devices connected to the global network has exceeded the number of users.
According to Ericsson, there were over 16 billion devices that are connected to the Internet last year. According to a forecast by 2022, their number will increase to the level of 29 billion. Presumably, 18 billion will be directly devices of IoT. This statistic shows that indicate that the Internet of things is no longer just a futurological theory.
What kind of technologies are not enough to implement the concept?
Alexei Turchin said that for a more active implementation of IoT and the many scenarios that were associated with it, so far there were not enough 5G networks. The expert believes that the fifth generation networks are needed for such tasks as:
- Reduced delays.
- Simultaneous support for a large number of connections.
The lack of such opportunities does not allow to introduce the concept of the Internet of things full-scale. According to forecasts, the development of such networks will allow the simultaneous operation of devices with different spectra of characteristics. Such a goal can be achieved by “segmentation” into fragments, each of which is aimed at specific needs.
Turchin believes that the development of ideas related to the Internet of things, in practice, can become real if cooperation in this area includes such subjects as:
- telecom operators;
- ordinary users.
It’s early to talk about such readiness, at the moment. Although the number of things connected to the IoT is growing. Alexey Turchin jokes that in the future we will be surrounded by a multitude of “smart” devices and robots, it remains only to make sure that they do not have the intention to take over the world. Beyond all information above, there are risks associated with IoT are definitely. Let's consider them. If you don't know about cryptocurrency yet you have to read it here.
What are the risks of active implementation of IoT?
The first risk that is associated with the IoT segment concerns the violation of privacy boundaries and private space. In an era with a strong tendency of globalism, there are opposite moods that develop in parallel. Moreover, their representatives are far from marginals or people who are afraid of scientific and technological progress.
The second risk is largely related to the first one, but it is more concerned with the technical side of the issue. Such kind of openness can make people more vulnerable, increase the level of cybercrime. According to experts, 80% of devices connected to the IoT, they will be vulnerability from the outside. What kind of methods will be proposed to the protection and whether they will not also violate the personal space of a person? It can only be predicted. The rate of 80% is quite frightening. Although household gadgets, as a rule, do not carry critical information about their users, this risk is worth considering.