There's no room for a central authority
Even these days, there's a bunch of reasons for networks to rely on third-party control. However, if existing data protection infrastructure featuring accounts and log-ins doesn't work properly, blockchain technology provides an efficient solution: public/private-key cryptography, a system that doesn't need centralization to push transactions and build successful digital relations.
In Bitcoin: A Peer-to-Peer Electronic Cash System paper Satoshi Nakamoto says: "Merchants must be wary of their customers, hassling them for more information than they would otherwise need. A certain percentage of fraud is accepted as unavoidable."
In this regard, a blockchains makes a happy medium as it offers an affordable solution for businesses spending tons of money on lightweight financial transactions security.
Lightning-fast transactions? Blockchains work on it
If you want to develop a network that can boast of high performance level with lightning-fast transactions, it would be wise of you to deal with a good old centralized model.
As databases, modern blockchains are relatively slow and there is a cost to storing the data: every block in a chain needs to be processes. On the contrary, centralized data systems based on the client-server model are faster and less expensive. Well, for now...
It doesn't actually mean that blockchains are hopeless in terms of transaction speed. The point is, we still don't know the full limits and possibilities of blockchain technology. So, to save nerves and money, feel free to rely on proven solutions.
Smart enough for smarter transactions
Usually, old-school databases are great at simple transactions between peers. But if you want to legislate the longer-term behavior of assets in a transparent way, a blockchain offers you a feature known as Smart Contract. In short, smart contracts are nothing but pieces of code that determine the way a particular transaction unfolds. For instance, they can be used to include a Deposit upon order placement, an Escrow where the deposit is placed, a Proof of completion of the task or delivery of the product, and a final Payment. You can even use the code for a single transaction in order to affect the future behavior of digital/real assets.
Another pleasant news is that smart contracts are "young" enough and have a lot of upgrade-potential. So, if you are about to get yourself a blockchain, you have a real opportunity to make your transactions even smarter.
Another day another Coin
Here's the truth: it's is absolutely NOT essential to develop another Bitcoin/Ethereum alternative to use the advantage of blockchain technology. In the vast majority of cases, you don't need to invent your own crypto money.
Still, if you want to provide peers with an opportunity to transact internationally, having your own cryptocurrency is a good idea.
A blockchain gives you a set of tools needed to issue your own tokens. Those coins, inter alia, can provide stakeholders with a share of the success of your system (if appropriate).
Your very own blockchain: keep it real
Do you like myths? If you do, you'll definitely like this part as we're about to consider a few common myths about blockchains and the way they can change your life. Let's roll!
Myth #1: Blockchains provide better data access
Awide range of today's centralized systems (Facebook for instance) already provide controlled and streamlined info access for tons of people all over the globe.
Modern blockchains in turn can make data access control more complex. According to potential use cases, nodes are run by a separate peers or groups, and each peer maintains its own data access control. With this in mind, there may be challenges around managing access control across all peers that have a copy of the blockchain data.
In short, in some cases using traditional centralized systems is more preferable than dealing with a blockchain. For now at least.
Myth #2: Blockchains allow peer-to-peer relations without middlemen
In Bitcoin's white paper you can read that the purpose of the coin is to allow people to send digital cash from person to person without a specific financial intermediary.
If you count a developer (miner) adding the block as an intermediary who collects fees and rewards for his/her work, you can say: there are middlemen in Bitcoin.
In fact, there are lots of private blockchains in the industry that have middlemen know as participants running the nodes, or technology vendors clipping tickets to monetize their blockchain solutions.
Myth #3: A blockchain is an immutable and the most complete event record