Angular vs React vs Vue: Best Choice in 2022
If you've been following JS framework market trends, you probably know that the leading contenders in this competition are React and Angular. The latest Stack Overflow survey once again confirms React's superiority this year, with Angular being used more by professionals. But there is another contender on this list.
Traditionally, the controversy surrounding the most popular frameworks among developers. It's about Angular.js, Vue.js and React.js. Let's consider what their basic principles are, what advantages and disadvantages they have, and which is better: angular vs react vs vue.
Some resources collect analytical information, in particular about which development environments are most popular, which programming languages are in the top at the moment, and so on. One of such resources - Stackoverflow - posted such statistics .
Best frameworks. Source.
Best frameworks according to professional developers. Source.
Most lowed frameworks. Source.
The NPMtrends resource works with statistical data not only based on a survey of users and developers, but also by counting the number of downloaded packages. This service works with details for all tools, collecting technical data, downloads, and Github. The following diagram illustrates the number of framework downloads:
Best frameworks according to downloads.
The Github data graph. Source.
In addition to satisfaction with the results, attention is also paid to the relationship to the development environment. Most of the surveyed do not use or are not interested in Angular.js, some have experience with this front-end framework, but do not want to repeat it. While React.js is very popular with developers - both experienced and beginner. There are also statistics on the use of different frameworks depending on the number of employees in the company: as you can see, the smaller the company, the more likely the choice falls on React.js or Vue.js. Large companies prefer to use Angular.js, but in general, the values do not vary much.
Consider the first most popular framework - React.js. Its importance for developers is obvious, since it has been in the leading positions for three years already.
Programmers have no particular complaints about the React.js framework. For the most part, this is due to the fact that this environment is going through a stage of active development and improvement, which makes it stable and accurate in work. An explicit feature of the framework is that it is essentially a library. Nevertheless, due to its wide functionality, the tool allows you to use it without using other services. React.js does not need to be integrated with other services, the frontend performed by this tool demonstrates high efficiency.
A small historical remark: React.js was created by the Facebook project team back in 2013, but not only is it not outdated and has not lost its popularity, but on the contrary, it has become even more in demand due to its characteristics. The React.js library was created to separate the interface into parts and make the development of the final product easier and faster. All pros and cons are indicated in the table:
The React.js framework offers a wide range of tools, and according to a recent survey, 53% of respondents used it frequently, 32% of respondents planned to get acquainted, 5% of respondents had experience using it before but do not want to continue, 11% of respondents have never heard of it. React has no usage restrictions because it is an open source library. 3-position BSD license is used.
The MVC pattern allows you to separate project or application data into models, views, and controller patterns. Each template modification can be managed autonomously by moving to harder code.
React.js creates an efficient virtual DOM known as the Document Object Model or vDOM. This allows you to create a lightweight DOM tree and store it on the server side. The advantages of such work:
The framework is inherent in one-way data binding - this helps to track and quickly debug standalone React components, especially in large applications.
The component approach means the application can be split into tiny blocks / components. They even remain maintainable and scalable after separation. Using this approach helps you build complex web applications.
Operating mobile apps with React Native becomes easier after using React.js to create web products. It can be easily moved towards the assembly side as React Native has the same design patterns making it easier to move.
Professional Vue.js for Developers is a relatively recent framework designed to improve performance and speed up loading. But these are not the only strengths that Vue.js often highlights.
Notably, it allows you to create stunning web and mobile interfaces, as well as single page applications, even without special skills. And since Vue is not only one of the most famous open source JS frameworks, but also one of the largest libraries, it is used to create various site components. The versatility and reliability of the frame has been repeatedly proven by large companies. For example, streaming website Netflix uses Vue.js and Facebook also uses it for news feed marketing.
One of the advantages of the Vue.js framework over more mainstream frameworks is its lightness. Due to its lightness, Vue is convenient to use for developing projects of varying complexity: both small personal projects and multifunctional applications. The development process is also accelerated due to the lightness of the framework.
Because the Vue.js framework is lightweight, downloading and installing the libraries is fast, which has a positive impact on SEO and UX. Moreover, developers do not need to spend extra time optimizing the application.
When used correctly, Vue can be reused. But only if the programmers are experienced and tech-savvy enough to get a lot of components and views that can be easily integrated into a ready-made infrastructure or application. The platform helps developers write their own code so that they can split the application into many different functions that can interact with each other as needed.
However, it is designed to solve the problems that exist with Angular and React. Of course, Vue.js has its pros and cons, so let's take a closer look. It is open-source and supported by donations from sponsors and partners, including Vehikl, Modus Create, Rangle, Laravel, StoreKit, DevExpress, etc.
This open approach has made the framework much beloved in the development community, and despite being an indie project, its functionality, support, and implementation rival Facebook's React and Google's Angular.
Vue.js currently has almost 200,000 stars (186,000, versus 171,000 for React and 74,700 for Angular) on GitHub, which shows the developer's interest in the framework. Since the first version was introduced in 2014 (more than seven years ago), it has evolved into an essential web development interface environment, powering millions of websites worldwide.
There are many advantages of website development via Vue.js. There are some of them:
Developers love Vue.js because of its flexibility and ease of use, yet it loses nothing in its functionality, which competes with heavier frameworks like React and Angular. Anyone with some frontend development experience can master it in a couple of days.
The structure is correctly defined as progressive, which means that it can be applied gradually, the framework slowly introducing additional markup into the HTML code.
Vue.js can be added to your HTML code as a simple script tag, and it will gradually expand, adapting to your needs until it can control the entire layer. That's why in some circles, it's called "the new jQuery." This is one of the main perks of using Vue.js, especially when a developer requires switching from another framework.
Google supports Angular, Facebook supports React, but Vue.js is fully supported by the open-source community, relying on local developers’ contributions and sponsors’ donations to move forward. Nevertheless, the latter has managed to challenge Angular and React as the preferred framework for web development.
Vue.js benefits developers by providing excellent and fast support. Most requests to the official platform are resolved in hours; the same goes for problems with GitHub. The platform also adheres to consistent release cycles to update information and support guides.
Another advantage of Vue.js is that because of its Angular and React inspiration, it learns and uses all the best features of both Angular and React, discarding the not-so-good ones.
Any discussion of the benefits of Vue would be incomplete without reference to its architecture. The MVVM architecture that Vue.js uses is excellent for improving the user interface. MVVM simplifies programming based on user interface events. It improves system performance.
Keep in mind that this framework mainly focuses on the ViewModel layer of this MVVM architecture. Separating the UI from the application logic eliminates the need to redesign the application when the UI becomes obsolete. Instead, you can simply plug the desired template into the application and keep it running.
There is no perfect technology. Even the best technology has certain flaws, and Vue.js has drawbacks as well. However, knowing what to expect in terms of performance and functionality can help you determine whether a framework will help build your application more appropriately. So, let's start their review:
Angular is the most valuable framework in the technology arena because of its simplicity. At the same time, it releases updates in line with industry trends.
The first benefit is two-way data binding. It allows developers to create templates faster. Any changes made to a view or view layer are automatically and instantly reflected in the model. Simply put, Angular is built on top of the MVC (Model View Controller) architecture, which allows developers to easily make changes. Any changes made to the "Model" instantly change the "View".
The increased server performance reduces the load on the server's CPUs, and the reduced traffic helps the server perform well by caching and supporting other processes. Simply put, Angular only serves static files and responds directly to API calls, which reduces the load, be it traffic or server CPU. Server performance is automatically improved when it reduces CPU usage or only serves static files. It also minimizes DOM manipulations that help improve performance.
Prototyping helps developers quickly initialize such features, get feedback, and make changes. A prototype not only helps to quickly create an application. This is also useful for small projects because it virtually stores pointers to each function.
Developers do not need to work so hard to make web pages responsive as it automatically detects responsiveness based on the system being used.
As a conclusion, it can be noted that the study of statistical data on the considered frameworks allows you to make a choice in favor of React.js. It is it that can be recommended to learn by 2022. But in any case, each environment has its own characteristics, advantages and disadvantages, which shifts the responsibility for the choice onto the shoulders of a particular developer.
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