Top 7 Programming Languages to Learn in 2022
The IT sector is continuing its fast development, which demands more talent, that wants to work on a variety of jobs and bound the life with the programming world. To succeed in this field, you will need to have special knowledge and unique skills. In the IT industry you will need to keep an eye for different courses, and know some top programming languages in 2022.
If the developers want to be in demand in their professional sector they will need to spend some time and check the top programming languages 2021, also they will need to learn the basics that were underpraised in the past. It will help them reach new summits in the career, which leads to a bigger income in the future.
While making this rating I used different analytics and did a lot of research concerning the popularity of a programming language based on its usage. This data was collected by services, specially designed for it, but each one has its own algorithm. For example, the number of mentions in search engines and forums, or the quantity of projects created by using it. Anyway, you can not point out one language, which will be the most popular, because it is just impossible. However, by analyzing my data, I have made a conclusion that there are 7 best programming language in 2022, which are in demand. The task for the readers is simplified now, all they need to do is just go through the information I have analyzed.
Python language symbol. Source.
The very first time we heard about python as a programming language was in 1991. It is simple, but can’t boast its productivity. Let me explain what I mean.
The language is simple, but a beginner will encounter some peculiarities. However, there is still nothing too bad about it. To solve problems, you get the solutions right from the developers of the language. Oftentimes, Python is recommended for those, who have just started making their way in IT. That is why you can find it in a variety of courses for programmers. Everything is intuitive and simple enough.
In terms of productivity, it is worse than the other languages in this list. It is not for nothing that Python is called «slow». There are some tasks that Python simply can’t handle. Still, it is not all that bad. There are also cases when Python is not any worse than the other top programming languages.
Python is renowned in scientific sector:
The programming language is simple, but you still can find some better alternatives. Python is used more often as an addition or a replacement in the projects by the developers. In general, it is still nice to learn in 2022, but I’d recommend proceeding with learning another one too, elsewise you will not be able to do a range of tasks.
This one is called an oldie within the programming languages. It is used by people who continue to work on Microsoft and Windows. Also, it is a perfect solution for video games developers, it can be used for applications, and it works with Unity 3D too. Many changes were brought to it over the years, but it is still in demand. There are two versions C++ and C, the difference between them is 13 years. Why should a programmer learn them? Because these languages had an impact on the ones that are used today. It is obvious that both languages have overcome a lot of changes, but they still spread the message of their creators.
In 1972, when the C was created, PC had a narrow usage, this is why the language was needed improvement. Programmers had to find a new approach and save the resources. At that time programming was about the physical functioning of a personal computer. Now everything has changed.
C and C++ are well known for being the languages that get the most out of the computers. This is exactly when they are used. For instance, in game software development.
It is necessary to learn the Cs, because it will lead the specialists to a better understanding of how the PCs and coding work in general. The knowledge is extremely useful. It is true that searching for an easy solution is not an option. The deeper you dive into the topic, the better is the outcome.
Java symbol. Source.
However, it is still good to know it. The programmers that use it are well paid. Their income according to the data about salaries in the capital Russian Federation is around 140000-167000 RUB per month.
The specialists use it to work on web development, virtual applications for mobile phones and desktop devices. It has been popular since 1995 — the year of its development. Mainly it is used in backend development. Some people believe that Java is too old now, and it must be replaced, but anyway it is worth learning. About 2 decades people have said that Java is going to die, but it is still used a lot.
Swift symbol. Source.
I would like to emphasize that it became popular fast enough. It is an unusual case. This may be because of Apple, who developed the IOS platform and now introduces new improvements. However, learning Swift as a main language is a bad idea. It works only on IOS, but there are more Android devices, so it is better to know how to code for both platforms.
MATLAB symbol. Source.
Kotlin symbol. Source.
When you want to choose the best instrument, and you are planning to invest your effort and time in success, you will need to know what is the most popular language among programmers. Also, you will need to understand what is well paid and what is not, so you will not spend your resources on something insignificant. Both, the beginners and professionals hit these obstacles, while trying to chase the market and the changes.
The best choice is a language that supports a popular platform. For example, Java, which is popular because Android is popular. Taking the general analysis into account, I would recommend choosing Java, and if you search for future prospects learn Python too. If you are rather a conservative person than Java, JS and C++ would be a perfect fit for you.
Each language in this list is a popular one. Do not stop learning only one.
As it often happens, the programmers need to combine the languages, or to substitute them, without changing the code.
In general, when making a choice, it is more correct to choose a platform, not a language. For most people, the main criteria for selecting a programming language to learn are the following.
It is determined by dividing the total number of vacancies by the total number of resumes. High demand leads to increased supply. Vacancy trends will persist for several years. Conclusion: when estimating the "number of vacancies," don't forget to look at competition and damping. Pay attention to trends. A new "hot" framework can "cool down" while you're researching it. And once you hit the job market, your skills will no longer be relevant.
Competition in the marketplace determines the difficulty of getting a job. However, you must also consider the problem of potentially changing your company. You have taken a rare, high-paying job as a robot badger programming consultant. What happens if your company decides to downsize? The market is very small-your ex-company has only one competitor that doesn't need new consultants right now. Will you wait several years for a suitable vacancy, or will you change occupation? And you have invested a lot of effort in this area.
Conclusion: Avoid unpopular sectors if you don`t know for sure what you want to do.
You have decided that you want to work in Enterprise. Remotely. Good luck to you, because there is no such combination. The reality is that businesses don't like working remotely. Traditional work and management formats are changing very slowly. The Enterprise Development Manager wants to see the back of your head. All long eight hours of work.
"- Java, part-time? - No, I haven't heard."
Conclusion: The desired format of work must correspond to reality. Unless you are willing to "fight the system" your entire career and complain about forums about the "lawlessness of fortune".
The older the market, the less attractive it is for beginners. All recruitment topics are filled with beginners who have learned the Java Junior pro forma and find that they can't find a job. To get a job, you have to have experience. And to have experience, you have to work. It's a vicious circle. While talented Junior JSs are "selling like hotcakes." But it won't last forever either.
Conclusion: avoid established markets if you don't understand precisely how you're looking for a job.
The difference between the extremes is not that big. Yes, the salary ceiling is lower in some areas than in others. But there is always room to change the position. Decorator→Animation Designer. And the top has gone up another 100%.
Conclusion: I would not dwell on this factor. All beginners are not paid very much. All professionals get paid a lot. This is all you need to know at the time of choosing a programming language to learn.
For the first language, this criterion is irrelevant. "Mindlessly following public opinion" would be the right thing to do. And almost all major languages have their shortcomings. The community simply finds its solutions to this problem. With experience, evaluation factors inevitably change. The language itself loses importance while the ecosystem comes to the front.
Of course, the possibility of self-improvement should not be related to the quality of language. But they are related nonetheless. A poor quality language with many flaws limits the possibilities. A good one makes you smarter, forcing you to develop or move up the career ladder. In the long run, the quality of a programming language is determined by its flexibility and ability to be used in a wide variety of applications.
Suppose the question is the choice in connection with the need to perform a project. In that case, you need to choose a programming language directly for a specific project and consider other parameters.
In software development, if we need to choose a language for a project, we need to ask ourselves several questions before making any decision. For example, what kind of project it is, the application’s scalability, the expected complexity, the development budget, the creation timeframe, the required security, the available resources, etc. The project team always wants to create such an application to stay on the client's good side in the long run, so the choice of language and platform should be approached as responsibly as possible. Here are a few quick recommendations on how to do it:
There are languages which are used for certain tasks, and nothing more. For example, if you need to program a system, you will use C, and the others to develop software.
Today, there are some criteria, which evaluate the demand of a language. For example:
You can’t do that without special literature too. Take into consideration the books where each line of code has a description. Try to reproduce the same project and don’t hesitate to practice after learning theory.
If you have a video guide to the lesson, you will get a better understanding of the topic. And if you have questions during the class, note them down and later on try to find the answers.
Usually, the courses have a very similar structure. And right after the first day of learning you will do some practice. You will complete your own project. By the way, practical knowledge has a much bigger value than theory.
Dive deeper in the topic by trying to give your own examples of similar code. It is also a good idea to come back to the materials already learned to refresh the knowledge in your mind. Do not be afraid of your weak points. Once you find out about them, do everything to understand why's and how's. This is the fastest way to learn the language. At the very beginning you might not see everything, but with time everything will change. Just take your time while learning and never let your hands down.
You will need to learn a couple of languages, not only one. After you finish the course you will have some understanding on the topic. Then you might start your own projects. Unless you practice and use your knowledge, you won’t be able to understand the language completely.
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