GitHub vs Bitbucket: Which Web Service for Hosting it Projects is Better?
For many specialists, the topic of choosing the best web service is relevant. This article will compare GitHub and Bitbucket, which are the most popular among users.
The main difference is that GitHub is focused on public code, while Bitbucket is focused on private. GitHub serves a huge open source community, and Bitbucket tends to focus primarily on enterprise and business users.
GitHub vs Bitbucket. Source.Bitbucket and GitHub are two of the largest source code management services for development projects, offering a variety of deployment models, from fully cloud-based to on-device. Historically, they have taken different approaches to private and public repositories, which affected usability and posed a risk to data confidentiality.
A GitHub account is the business card of a software developer. Just like any writer is asked to show their blog, each developer is expected to submit examples of their code on GitHub. But that doesn't make GitHub the best choice for every software development team. GitHub is committed to make it easier to share code, and in this regard, it is indispensable for the open source Internet backbone network that many users are used to. At the same time, this means that organizations must pay more attention to managing their users and access control settings to ensure they do not compromise their cyber resilience. The pricing models of the two products also reflect their different approaches to version control.
Bitbucket supports Git by default, but this changes when it comes to other types of repositories. Bitbucket's advantage over GitHub was that both Git and Mercurial were available with Bitbucket. SVN has never been supported, but Bitbucket has been upgraded to support Mercurial. Bitbucket is written in Python and uses the Django web framework.
Bitbucket web service. Source.Bitbucket was launched in 2008 in Australia and was originally an independent startup offering hosting only for Mercurial projects. In 2010, it was acquired by another Australian company, Atlassian, and after about a year, the developers added support for Git repositories.
Many users who worry about code privacy have switched to Bitbucket from GitHub following Microsoft's recent $ 7.5 billion acquisition of the platform.
Bitbucket integrates very well with JIRA, which was originally created as a bug-tracking tool, but is now so flexible that it can be used for operations such as issue tracking, support service, and project management. This is not surprising given that JIRA is also an Atlassian product. Other features include:
Bitbucket interface. Source.
Логотип GitHub. Source.
However, the situation has changed recently. Bitbucket is now receiving great reviews for its user experience. Its online editor is one of the best for editing code directly on the web without pre-checking it on your computer. Being not the easiest platform to use, it is powerful and versatile, with many features to support the needs of small businesses and enterprises that have been actively using the platform for a long time. Bitbucket's interface is centered around "your work desktop", which gives you easy access to your repositories and pull requests. Bitbucket offers a complete Git interface and supports everything from filtering pull requests to issue tracking, SSH key management, and more.
GitHub has a simple interface that is easy to use even for those new to Git and hosting sources on the Internet. The platform has long been open source and contains a user interface that provides access to basic Git functionality as well as some of its own. However, there are scenarios where you still need to know how to use Git from the command line, especially if you are managing large open source projects with complex merge requirements.
GitHub allows you to easily view and check co-author commits using online comparison features, so you can manage your code at a detailed level. The frontend also offers great support for joint code review, which is very useful for teamwork, monitoring and task management, as well as DevOps features such as CI / CD. With the help of other tools, such as the GitHub Desktop, GitHub allows you to further expand the range of features you can use to manage your Git code collaboration.
Bitbucket now boasts over 10 million registered users, and while that's not enough to supplant GitHub, which is also growing on its side, this change makes Bitbucket one of the solid leaders in the online Git code hosting market. Since its founding in 2008, company’s commitment to help companies write code, test software, and collaborate has led to the point where 60 Fortune 100 corporations can be said to use Bitbucket every day. While it may have a smaller community than GitHub, Bitbucket also has an abundance of integrations, which means that its community can access tools like Slack, AWS, Datadog, and JFrog, as well as developers using Github.
The GitHub community is much more impressive, especially when it comes to its reputation in the open source community. To be a reliable open source project or open source developer, it is almost the de facto standard for your code to be hosted and publicly available on GitHub. The GitHub user base now has over 40 million registered users, with over 100 million Git repositories hosted on the platform. The GitHub community is active in 200 countries and is an important factor in the platform's superiority in the hi-tech world. This significant community also adds value to the business and could be a factor in Microsoft's $ 7.5 billion purchase of GitHub back in 2018. While Microsoft and the open source world have been at odds for a long time, the partnership between GitHub and Microsoft does give GitHub new capabilities and has gained the trust of enterprise customers, and Microsoft has regained the trust of open source developers and software users. Needless to say, the GitHub community, which already has a significant proportion of Fortune 50 and Fortune 100 companies, could continue to grow by leaps and bounds in the years to come.
Bitbucket and GitHub not only work with source code, but also serve as platforms for collaboration and knowledge sharing. Wikis and other collaboration tools built right into platforms help teams collaborate on ideas that are part of the smart code space. On Bitbucket, you get a wiki when you create a code repository. Bitbucket wiki pages can be edited and versioned, and many projects also use them as home pages.
Bitbucket offers many other functions that facilitate team collaboration, including side-by-side diffs, IDE integration, and the ability to organize repositories into a project.
GitHub also offers many collaboration features, with its history of contributing very large open source projects bearing evidence to the reliability of the tools that support collaboration on the platform. Here are some of the projects with the most influential employee networks and the most contributors:
Bitbucket integrates well with Jira, Atlassian's issue tracking software and Trello, a project management tool popular with many software and business teams. In addition, there are over 50 integrations with other widely used developer tools available for developers and teams hosting their repositories on Bitbucket. Among them:
If you eventually go to GitHub, you can see that the integrations available for both Trello and Jira are very effective. In 2018, GitHub announced that it was working with Jira to create an integration that enables advanced features to connect your GitHub code to the Jira Software Cloud. Trello also has a GitHub Power Up integration that allows you to attach GitHub pull requests to Trello cards. With this integration, managing your GitHub work on Trello should be easy. However, GitHub is taking steps to improve its product with features like Trello. For example, back in 2016, GitHub launched Projects, a function that allows Trello-style cards to manage tasks and code projects.
GitHub also has integrations available for a wide variety of popular developer tools and software products. Slack integration is available, for example, for team chat, as well as Codefresh and Semaphore integrations for continuous integration. Available monitoring integrations include LogRocket and Waydev. In the project management category, integrations with GitKraken Glo Boards and DeepAffects are available, as well as many other useful integrations in several categories.
Given that both Bitbucket and GitHub are among the giants in hosting Git repositories, it is likely that they will continue to offer the broadest sets of integrations with other popular programming tools. A notable exception here is the exclusion of Mercurial from Bitbucket source hosting services in 2020. GitHub has never supported this VCS, but Bitbucket has supported it for many years. However, due to the small number of Mercurial users, it has completely ceased to exist on the Bitbucket platform and will not be supported in the future.
The choice may depend on the structure of your projects. If you have a lot of private projects and a small number of users, Bitbucket will be a better option due to its repo price. If you have large teams working on multiple projects, GitHub is the best option. The free plan offered by Bitbucket and GitHub is for individual developers and small teams.