Best Backend Frameworks in 2022
Backеnd development entails the use of tools, frameworks, and other resources to develop a website’s engine. The engine is always composed of several basic components, which are inextricably linked to the server, databases, website’s root, external and internal resources. The component, which is linked to the server, can be considered the most important in terms of programming so you should look at the most powerful backend frameworks that are going to be in demand in 2022. We also recommend reading - best css frameworks in 2022.
Backеnd frameworks are essential to both products and developers themselves. Programmers always take note of what tools they are about to work with at a specific job. In particular, this is taken into consideration during the choice of a company to cooperate with. Stack Overflow annually publishes statistical reviews related to developers, web development tools, and other components.
The graph below excellently illustrates the results, so we may conclude that it’s frameworks, programming languages, and various technologies that are the most important in this regard. The programmers evaluate this factor on a first-priority basis when choosing a workplace.
Oftentimes a specific developer knows only one framework at a satisfactorily high level; therefore, it’s crucial to determine which one of them is better and will be popular in 2022 to start learning it right now.
By choosing backend frameworks, which hold leading positions in this rating, the developer won’t be left irrelevant anyway. According to the latest research, the most promising frameworks seem to be Django, Node.js/Express, and Spring Boot. Each of them is highly professional, but you shouldn’t dismiss their particular advantages, specificities, and even shortcomings.
To determine those frameworks, which can be at the height of their popularity in the next year, you need to see those sites that do statistical researches of development environments, assess the users’ interest, and analyze the best backend frameworks from different points of view.
The first service that makes regular statistical reviews is GitHut. Specifically, it offers extended information about the repositories. This resource collects detailed data about active file repositories, a total number of Pull Requests, and other information – including tasks and the number of the project subscribers, etc.
If you consider the repositories of the frameworks’ platforms, it will help you to make a final conclusion of these frameworks.
You can see the number of forks and stars concerning each of the frameworks here, but the first indicator is far more important.
Express framework for the Node.js platform
Most world-famous projects are based on this engine; for example, Chrome browser and other browser programs that are developed on its basis. You can write a code, which will be executed on the server, on this platform due to the above-mentioned framework. This specifies the high value of the platform to the programmers.
The popularity and efficiency of Node.js are beyond comparison and this is due to many positive qualities including performance and the possibility to create projects of various types and purposes on its basis.
Node.js served as a basis for the creation of many different frameworks, not only Express; however, it’s the one that is considered the most popular and sought-after.
The main strengths of Express include the following:
As judged by the advantages of the platform in general and particularly the Express framework, it can be said that this is quite a popular direction for development in 2022. Many famous companies already use these tools and developers make a lot of money for their work on the platform.
As for Spring Boot, this project is a reliable framework for the creation of server apps. It’s also based on Java and was created to simplify the work on microservices. It’s created by Pivotal Software, Inc. and can be used for both traditional WAR apps and standalone Java apps. Spring Boot helps the developers to proceed with programming without wasting time on preparation and setting up the environment. Unlike other Java environments, it provides flexible XML configurations, reliable batch processing, database transactions, a simple workflow, and a broad range of development tools. It usually works by providing default values for codes and the configuration of annotations, which will help you launch any new Spring project in real time instantly. It also follows the «default configuration» strategy to exclude template configurations and other configurations meant for the improvement of unit testing procedures, development, and integration testing.
Spring is great for development and has a lot of advantages and special features:
An extensive set of frameworks and libraries, simplicity, and universality turned Python into one of the most popular programming languages. Django is well-known as a high-level framework for Python that combines different libraries. Developers can use it for the creation of effective apps because this framework is suitable almost for any project.
Django's advantages are obvious:
Ruby on Rails is the server structure of a web application written in Ruby. David Hanson developed and released it in 2003. The main aim of the framework is to make the website and application creation simpler. Ruby on Rails saves time generally spent on standard tasks like creating forms, menus, spreadsheets. The developers can choose ready solutions and save time creating a website or application from scratch.
The reasons why various developers and companies so much appreciate Ruby on Rails are:
Each of the mentioned above frameworks can win the power in 2022 because all of them have the necessary qualities and characteristics for that. The review of the most popular and promising frameworks should help to highlight the most significant development environment that should be learnt and used later this year. Although programming doesn’t stand still and new developments are emerging daily, the old ones don’t fade into obscurity either so you shouldn’t forget them.
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