2. Developing a structure
Before you start building an ecommerce website like Amazon, you need to develop the right architecture. It should ensure the stable operation of the website and be flexible. As you saw, Amazon has a huge number of users and it needs to take into account. The website structure should provide:
- high level of security;
- high speed;
A high level of security should enable users to make transactions. All credit card data and personal data of users must be stored in an encrypted form. Scripts should be protected from all types of attacks and hacking. First of all, it is necessary to secure from SQL-injections and XSS attacks.
A high speed of the site directly affects the revenue of the company. Users don't like to wait long and can leave the site at any time. Slow work of scripts will turn the use of the project into a disaster. This must be taken into account before starting Amazon website development.
Scalability. Your project should be flexible. At any time, you may need to add new features, develop a new module. It will not be difficult if you use reliable technology.
Amazon does not differ in excellent design. I would even call him a little old. Nevertheless, it is efficient and convenient. Users can quickly find the right product among millions of items. And this is fully satisfied with the company's management.
As you can see, the design of such projects should be efficient and convenient. It is advisable to use the latest trends in web design and the best practices of UX/UI. By investing money in usability, you will increase the trust of users. Since this affects your income.
Development is one of the most complex and lengthy stages of working in such complex projects as Amazon. Of course, you don't need to spend millions of dollars to create a similar architecture, but you must understand that the choice of technology and server will be reflected in the performance and scalability of your product.
Hosting provider and server
Use only reliable and trusted hosting providers. They will ensure a stable and uninterrupted operation. We prefer AWS or VPS (Godaddy, Bluehost). This is the lease of individual logical machines that support the operation of your site. As an operating system, we prefer Linux. It allows you to use the stack of LAMP technologies (Linux, Apache, MySQL, PHP / Python / Perl).
An ecommerce website like Amazon should have high performance. In this case, it is necessary to use technologies that will allow maintaining stable operation with high load. In addition, they must provide a high level of security. Your project will make hundreds, thousands of transactions. You must be sure that all data is stored in a safe place. Also, it is desirable to use encryption. If the database is stolen, it will be difficult for hackers to decipher the necessary data.
In our company Merehead, we prefer to use the PHP programming language. It is one of the most popular server languages in the world. To increase the speed of development and the level of security, we use the Laravel framework. It has good flexibility and scalability. In our opinion, it is one of the best PHP-based frameworks. As Google Trend shows, its popularity in the world is growing.
Linux, Laravel, MySQL, PHP provide an opportunity to build an e-commerce website like Amazon with a high load. They will allow you to implement any functions with minimal effort. Also, these technologies are well suited for developing cryptocurrency exchange platforms.
Maybe you have questions about CMS systems, such as Wordpress, Joomla, etc. Can I use other box solutions? We believe that to build large projects, such systems are not suitable. Here are a few reasons:
1. Low security level. CMS allows to connect a lot of plugins and it is not safe. Your project can easily crack through this small add-on.
2. Poor flexibility. Plugins extend the site's capabilities. But sometimes between them, there are conflicts that can stop the work of the whole project. The more plugins you use, the less stable the site.
3. Slow work. CMS is a universal system that aims at being convenient for different types of projects. Thus, CMS have many modules that are not needed for your website. They load the server and slow down the speed. If you have 100 users a day - this is not critical. If you plan to get 10,000 or more users, you need to take care of the performance.
I'm sure that Amazon has an army of QA-engineers. They test the work of the project all day long. Your ecommerce Website should also work stably and generate revenue. It is necessary to take care of testing before launching. Don't shift this work to users. You can get a huge number of complaints. Moreover, if there are problems in the financial module, you may have huge costs. I think this is quite an important stage of development.
6. Launch and promotion
After starting the project, you will need its promotion. In the first minutes, no one will know about its existence, you will need finances and efforts to actively make the website like Amazon in the first stage. You should understand that the users of your project is divided into two groups:
1. Sellers (online stores).