Programming languages are developing quite quickly, new languages are replacing the old ones. We should always keep our ears open to remaining a good specialist. I think every programmer doesn't want to be an outsider. We have prepared an article where we analyze in detail the top programming languages that will be popular in 2018. By the way, in the last article, we wrote about the trends of web development.
The basis of our analysis is the statistics from the Stackoverflow resource. Every year they prepare a report on the most popular programming languages. The survey involved more than 50,000 developers from around the world. To track the dynamics, we collected data for 2017, 2016 and used data from Google Trends.
Let's look at each item and try to understand which programming languages are best learned in 2018.
This programming language is used to manage data in a relational database. SQL knowledge is a must for designing databases that are used by most business ideas. Want it or not, but you need to know the basics of SQL.
Java is very popular in the financial and banking industry. First of all due to its speed and safety level. Java developers are very much appreciated in the labor market because of the shortage. This programming language is quite difficult to learn and for beginners, it is not always easy. Among other things, Android apps are developed in Java. This is the main reason for such a significant popularity of this language. According to statistics Google Trends, the dynamics go down.
One of the most advanced and convenient programming languages. It is the main development language for the Microsoft .NET platform. C# is very similar to Java, but still has a number of advantages. It's worth mentioning separately that C# is more difficult to learn than Java. This is not the best solution for beginners.
Until recently, PHP was more popular than Python, but now it's safe to say that Python is gaining the trust of young developers. It has a huge number of advantages. First of all, it is laconic and understandable. Thus, Python is a great start for beginners. Convenient code structure makes it easy to develop a project and further support them. For business, this means spending cuts. Python is one of the few server languages that shows the dynamics of growth.
The most used programming language for the server part. According to statistics, PHP uses about 240 million websites. PHP has good flexibility and performance. It can be used for small business websites, as well as for large projects with high load. There are many frameworks developed in PHP. They have good speed and a high level of security. Our company, Merehad, gives preference to this programming language. In our work, we use the Laravel framework for developing large web applications. The main disadvantages are the lack of the ability to develop desktop applications and server components. Like most server programming languages, it loses its popularity.
One of the most complex programming languages. It will be difficult for a newcomer to understand and many try to avoid him. But C++ has a high performance. It allows you to create applications and programs for almost any purpose.
This is a dynamically imperative object-oriented programming language. It is used in web development in conjunction with the Rails framework. Ruby is a language of a very high level. He has a simple and clean syntax. Ruby provides good scalability and easy maintenance. Language can begin to study beginners. This language, like php, is well suited for developing complex eCommerce platforms. The main drawback is poor documentation and slow growth in popularity.
The language was developed by Apple and was intended to replace Objective-c. Swift has improved code readability, more features compared to Objective-c and increased security. He is gaining popularity and now surpasses Objective-c. In my opinion, this programming language has good prospects. Swift beat Objective-C and became No.1 in iOS development. Many web developers learning it in hurry to catch up.
The language was developed in the early 90s. This is a symbiosis of C and Smalltalk. It had great success in its time but gradually began to lose popularity. Swift has replaced this language, but many developers do not rush to say goodbye to Objective-c.