The pandemic of 2020 has made adjustments to the technological progress and now the changes in the mobile app development trends
are clearly noticeable. In 2021, the situation with quarantine restrictions is somewhat eased, it can already be anticipated what direction will be relevant at the beginning of 2022 – what the developers should pay attention to and what the users should expect.
One of the latest trends
, which is covering the whole world little by little – the development of multi-purpose, multi-tasking apps for smartphones
. Each app was previously created to serve a specific purpose – only communication, solely logistics, a certain kind of services, and the like. Even if we focus on a specific field; for instance, healthcare
, the programs were made separately for fitness
, diets, lifestyle, nutrition, etc.
Software programs of a «super» class are currently gaining popularity. Such a super-app is able to carry out an entire spectrum of diversified tasks by itself. The popularity of multi-purpose apps is attributable to an aspiration to create an environment that would cover all user’s needs as much as possible. For example, what does a person choose – one program that handles 10 various tasks or 10 apps, one for each task? Of course, it’s more convenient to have a multi-functional product at hand. There is this interesting comparison of American apps and a Chinese WeChat:
This trend comes from Asian countries. Examples of the most successful and popular super-apps are as follows.
(combines the features of communication via the messenger, access to social networks, and mobile payments).
– this super-app can help you order some food, deal with logistics, call a transport online, pay for a certain set of services, or use daily services. The app was developed in Indonesia and it’s very successful there.
– a payment service by Alibaba that offers users the possibilities of payment for many services, banking services, and mobile communication. Payment can be made by bank card, transfers from accounts, and by QR code scanning. The latest way is a lot more popular because not everyone has bank cards.
– it’s an American app, where you can make purchases, order food, pay bills, etc.
During 2021-2022, the wave of super-apps will be expanded to other countries as well – in particular, many companies in the USA and Russia are already working on the creation of such multi-functional programs. This trend is particularly relevant to means of communications and payments. Mass development of such products
will be a real breakthrough in the app industry.
AI is gradually taking over the world by capturing separate spheres of human life. The implementation of artificial intelligence in security systems, data search software, household appliances, and other technologies is already happening. It’s hard to surprise someone with a «smart home» system or a voice search for information on the web these days. These technologies are based exactly on artificial intelligence.
So far, it’s the most promising direction in developing not only mobile apps but also computer programs for home and production equipment. Mass robotization will result in a phone becoming your best friend you can talk to, launch programs with your voice, manage and set the functionality with practically no touching the display.
Voice assistants will be modified too. This direction dates back to 2016 and nowadays the users are offered several promising projects: Google Now, Apple Siri, Amazon Alexa, and others. However, in general, they can tackle only easy tasks – for instance, find the specified information online or change the phone settings. In the nearest future, it’s planned to create more powerful programs
on the basis of artificial intelligence, which would be able to solve complex tasks depending on the political, economic, and social situation in a given country or the world. A new assistant, which the developers are so eager to create, will be able to evaluate whether to invest money in real estate, recommend a specialist to address, where to go at night, which educational establishment to choose for your child, and the like. The main benefits of an expected assistant, which the programmers strive to create by 2022, are the following.
1. Large-scale personalization.
The more personalized the assistant is, the more the user gets the impression that it’s working solely in his interest. These assistants will identify a person, who’s talking to it, his identity, personal information, social status, and other indicators to handle the requests as precisely as possible.
2. Emotional state analyzer.
Voice assistant at the height of its development is artificial intelligence, which will be able to read the user’s mood and emotional state based on his speech. That will allow recognizing intentions and carrying out tasks better.
3. Interaction with a minimum number of stages.
You will be able to get information from the assistant faster and the number of steps, which must be undertaken for that, will be reduced.
Artificial intelligence is the future and active development is being conducted in this field, which doesn’t bypass the creation of mobile apps
. So it’s safe to expect that 2022 will present new projects with the use of AI real soon.
Communication with the help of video-link programs during a period of quarantine and self-isolation has become the only possible way of interaction of not only family members and friends but also colleagues, company management, and clients.
Working in the remote mode got us thinking about the quality of existing video-link apps and planning their modernization or creation of brand new technologies. Even though the pandemic is receding little by little and many people start going to work at the office, working at home has almost become a habit – many staff members prefer working in a comfortable apartment and not at a noisy office.
Accordingly, the development of programs for video
calls is trending now. This is a highly demanded direction throughout the world. Most likely that these trends will continue when the pandemic stops threatening humankind. The more so as the remote mode hasn’t adversely affected the quality of work – figures of many companies have even risen during this rough period.
Therefore, the development of new, more convenient and high-quality video-link technologies has a promising future in 2021-2022. Notably that it’s not only work-related communication, communication with friends, colleagues, or family. Medical services via video link and shopping are starting to grow in popularity. Even in the absence of a direct threat to health, many people will prefer talking to a doctor via video link and not visiting hospitals and standing in lines.
As for the shopping via video link, this is a quite new and unusual direction, which is already being actively developed. This includes online streaming, purchases online, and communication between sellers and buyers by video link.
The use of 3D graphics for mobile apps
3D graphic elements are no surprise as this technology has long been used in various fields of design. The new trend assigns a slightly different role to 3D graphics – not a decorative, but a functional one. The creation of such useful graphics will soon become possible directly through smartphones and tablets while also providing enormous scope for activity and the creation of complex graphic objects.
Nowadays 3D graphics are designed to improve functionality, enhance effectiveness and only in the second place – to please the eyes and attract visually.
From a commercial perspective, 3D graphics will also add benefits because, with the help of this tool, it’s possible to provide a full review of a product from all sides, which is a winning approach in online shopping.
Virtual or augmented reality is getting closer and closer. Whereas now it’s used primarily by the gaming field, science, and healthcare, this promising direction will cover other spheres of human activity shortly. Mobile platforms continue developing apps
with the use of augmented reality technology. Many famous companies invest in AR technologies – Apple, for example. The creation and modernization of AR glasses have taken the minds of developers all over the world, so this direction will be developed steadily and actively.
Visualization is always associated with some visual representations, interesting and colorful visual effects. But the purpose of a really useful visualization is not a high decorativeness, but the best way to transfer information flows. With the right approach, even the most boring information can become rich, interactive, and interesting. The most important thing that visualization provides is an emotional response, the development of your own representations in your brain. Visual delivery of data fires the imagination and triggers emotions, which make it possible to recognize, understand, and learn the presented amount of information.
For the time being, the use of visualization helps in education, commercial directions, and many other fields down to healthcare. It helps to understand how the budget is spent, how the complex mechanisms work, how the signals are transmitted over a distance, what is happening with the human body under the affection of various irritators or diseases. Visualization allows explaining complex processes – physical, chemical, economic, mental, biological – in layman’s language of images.
In commerce, visualization is used to work with customers’ needs. Its use allows getting to the target audience better and influencing it in order to sell a certain product. Visual effects have become popular in the world of mobile apps a long time ago – gaming activity, educational, commercial, and other materials cannot do without high-quality visual representation and that is why this is one of the promising directions, which will definitely be used in the development in 2021-2022.
Mass media in the 21st
century desperately manipulates the truth and a lot of fakes, which distort the truth, emerge every year. Whereas the user, who is studying information on the news websites, can get suspicious of misinterpretation of facts by mass media, in social networks, false information is more convincing so it subtly makes us believe it. The more so as the users usually have no time to verify the information in the feed. This is how misstatement is taking root and people start to believe it.
To avoid users’ disinformation, many developers of mobile apps and social networks
have started to use specially created algorithms that are designed to separate «the wheat from the chaff» – the truth from the fakes. Media platforms develop more and more approaches to hide fake information, which can mislead and result in negative consequences, from their users.
And since more and more situations, which generate a lot of false data, take place all over the world, this direction couldn’t be more relevant and it definitely will continue developing. Twists of coronavirus pandemic have generated millions of fake posts in 2020 that are related to morbidity statistics, mortality statistics, virus spreading and combating.
Optimization of apps to work on different platforms
A promising direction of cross-platform software products is reaching a new level. Developers’ main aspiration is to make mobile apps
available for use on computers and vice versa. Prerequisites for the destruction of the boundaries between software for PC and smartphones are already starting to be created – Apple specialists have released a new chip, which will allow the same apps to be launched on both iOS and macOS. Later, there will be more opportunities, the coverage of platforms will be broader, and the optimization will be more promising.
What does it do? Why do developers strive for it so much?
Cross-platform apps allow covering a larger audience of users; besides, such multi-tasking will provide the possibility to choose a device to open an app on at any time.
Anonymity and security
Many commercial projects collect certain information about their users. Even though it’s done purely to improve service delivery, information, and targeted advertising, it gives most users cause for concern. It makes them feel constantly monitored and a threat of leakage looms over the private data security. All of that instigates clients’ distrust of the activity of large IT projects
, which collect information about the users for their own purposes.
This drives the need to increase private data security, which the leaders of information industries are working on. The Apple company has already introduced a new development to the public. It has a more secure procedure of login and the generation of a random email address, which redirects messages to the personal email. This prevents the email address from finding its way to spammers and people, who send information, which the user isn’t interested in. The Apple company publicly announces what data the app may collect so that their clients are at ease in their minds about their data confidentiality.