, many programmers run into the wall, trying to figure out which one will be better and more convenient. Each of them has its own interesting technical characteristics and features and offers its own functionality.
Traditionally, the controversy surrounding the most popular frameworks among developers
. It's about Angular.js, Vue.js and React.js
. Let's consider what their basic principles are, what advantages and disadvantages they have, and what the developers think of them.
Some resources collect analytical information, in particular about which development environments are most popular, which programming languages are in the top at the moment
, and so on. One of such resources - Stackoverflow - posted such statistics .
Vue.js is only in 7th place among the frameworks, although it is actively developing. Angular.js is more popular and is just one position behind React.js. It should be noted that the service conducted a survey not only among professional developers, but also among ordinary users. It is also important that according to the survey of experts, the React.js framework came in third place, while, according to all survey participants, it was in second.
Best frameworks according to professional developers. Source.
In terms of a general survey that was supposed to illustrate which frameworks developers like best, Vue.js and React.js are at the top of the rankings, while Angular.js is in the last five along with Ruby on Rails and others.
Most lowed frameworks. Source.
The same users who have not previously encountered application development but would like to learn the basics of development and get acquainted with frameworks, put React.js first. Perhaps they got a positive impression from the initial acquaintance or they read the reviews of the adherents of this framework, but Vue.js was pushed to the second position, and Angular.js to third.
The NPMtrends resource works with statistical data not only based on a survey of users and developers, but also by counting the number of downloaded packages. This service works with details for all tools, collecting technical data, downloads, and Github. The following diagram illustrates the number of framework downloads:
Best frameworks according to downloads.
As you can see in the picture, Angular.js is going through hard times and has long since given way to more advanced frameworks such as React.js and Vue.js. In 2018, Angular.js was almost at the peak of its popularity, but now, although it demonstrates more than 1 million downloads, it does not make it to the top frameworks, according to the developers.
The Github data graph. Source.
Based on the extent to which the framework meets the requirements of the developers, we can conclude that Vue.js and React.js delight users with their functionality much more than Angular.js. This shows that most users are more likely to use React and Vue again than Angular.
In addition to satisfaction with the results, attention is also paid to the relationship to the development environment
. Most of the surveyed do not use or are not interested in Angular.js, some have experience with this front-end framework, but do not want to repeat it. While React.js is very popular with developers - both experienced and beginner. There are also statistics on the use of different frameworks depending on the number of employees in the company: as you can see, the smaller the company, the more likely the choice falls on React.js or Vue.js. Large companies prefer to use Angular.js, but in general, the values do not vary much.
Comparative characteristics of frameworks
Consider the first most popular framework
- React.js. Its importance for developers is obvious, since it has been in the leading positions for three years already.
Programmers have no particular complaints about the React.js framework. For the most part, this is due to the fact that this environment is going through a stage of active development and improvement, which makes it stable and accurate in work. An explicit feature of the framework is that it is essentially a library. Nevertheless, due to its wide functionality, the tool allows you to use it without using other services. React.js does not need to be integrated with other services, the frontend performed by this tool demonstrates high efficiency.
A small historical remark: React.js was created by the Facebook project team back in 2013, but not only is it not outdated and has not lost its popularity, but on the contrary, it has become even more in demand due to its characteristics. The React.js library was created to separate the interface into parts and make the development of the final product easier and faster. All pros and cons are indicated in the table:
The React.js framework offers a wide range of tools, and according to a recent survey, 53% of respondents used it frequently, 32% of respondents planned to get acquainted, 5% of respondents had experience using it before but do not want to continue, 11% of respondents have never heard of it. React has no usage restrictions because it is an open source library. 3-position BSD license is used.
The MVC pattern allows you to separate project or application data into models, views, and controller patterns. Each template modification can be managed autonomously by moving to harder code.
React.js creates an efficient virtual DOM known as the Document Object Model or vDOM. This allows you to create a lightweight DOM tree and store it on the server side. The advantages of such work:
- while the user interacts with the Internet resource, a new vDOM is created;
- previous and latest versions are compared;
- if there are differences in the mentioned versions, vDOM will be rebuilt.
The framework is inherent in one-way data binding - this helps to track and quickly debug standalone React components, especially in large applications.
The component approach means the application can be split into tiny blocks / components. They even remain maintainable and scalable after separation. Using this approach helps you build complex web applications
Operating mobile apps
with React Native becomes easier after using React.js to create web products
. It can be easily moved towards the assembly side as React Native has the same design patterns making it easier to move.
- Optimization and acceleration of the update process.
- Implementing readability of blocks using JSX. It shows how components are connected or combined.
- React data binding - sets the conditions for creating dynamic applications.
- Operational rendering. Using includes methods to minimize DOM operations helps streamline and speed up the update process.
- Testable. Native React tools are offered for testing, code debugging.
- Optimization for SEO. React introduces a first boot experience by rendering server-side and attaching user-side event handlers.
- Thanks to React + ES6 / 7, the application becomes high-tech and suitable for high-load systems.
- The need for training. Since it is not a fully functional framework, it requires deep knowledge to integrate a free UI library into an MVC framework.
- The lack of an isomorphic approach to the exploit of the application leads to problems with indexing by search engines.
- Many developers don't like JSX React documentation, manuals are difficult for beginners to understand.
Also ReactJS has a large library, which is not so easy to understand.
This framework has become popular in recent years. From an ordinary framework, he moved into a leading position and became very much loved by professional developers. It’s considered one of the most suitable frameworks for asynchronous server-side rendering.
Professional Vue.js for Developers is a relatively recent framework designed to improve performance and speed up loading. But these are not the only strengths that Vue.js often highlights.
Notably, it allows you to create stunning web and mobile interfaces, as well as single page applications, even without special skills. And since Vue is not only one of the most famous open source JS frameworks, but also one of the largest libraries, it is used to create various site components. The versatility and reliability of the frame has been repeatedly proven by large companies. For example, streaming website Netflix
uses Vue.js and Facebook also uses it for news feed marketing.
One of the advantages of the Vue.js framework over more mainstream frameworks is its lightness. Due to its lightness, Vue is convenient to use for developing projects of varying complexity: both small personal projects and multifunctional applications
. The development process is also accelerated due to the lightness of the framework.
Because the Vue.js framework is lightweight, downloading and installing the libraries is fast, which has a positive impact on SEO and UX. Moreover, developers do not need to spend extra time optimizing the application.
When used correctly, Vue can be reused. But only if the programmers are experienced and tech-savvy enough to get a lot of components and views that can be easily integrated into a ready-made infrastructure or application. The platform helps developers write their own code so that they can split the application into many different functions that can interact with each other as needed.
Angular.js used to be considered the best choice for custom software development
Angular is the most valuable framework in the technology arena because of its simplicity. At the same time, it releases updates in line with industry trends.