The process of automation of software testing is directly linked to the development and update
of artificial intelligence (AI) tools. Machine Learning (ML) is a kind of a set of rules, norms, methods, and algorithms, which are used to create AI, which would learn from its own experience. For that, huge amounts of input data are used, which consists of certain patterns. You should familiarize yourself with machine learning to understand the trends and principles of its work.
What is machine learning and where is it used?
Since we constantly face hardware development, specialists are forced to adjust and use various tools. Since the creation of artificial intelligence, different machine learning trends
have been developed every year. Machine learning is one of the branches of AI, which creates algorithms of action for a machine to draw conclusions and make decisions on a basis of collected databases. All information is used without following rigidly defined rules. Artificial intelligence can find a specific sequence and patterns in complex and multi-parameter problems.
This technology was developed to simplify the testers’ work with large volumes of variables, which a human isn’t able to analyze on his own. Due to the use of machine learning tools, it’s possible to get more accurate answers to your questions and analyze them with the right conclusions.
Based on this tool, artificial intelligence obtains an opportunity to create its own neural network. It makes it possible to create a model of a human brain. It facilitates the solution of the problems and enables to gain experience and use it. Such a structure offers a chance of eliminating many mistakes in the future.
The main goal of machine learning is to partially or even completely replace manual checking. This allows to fully automate the testers’ work of complex analytical processes.
Based on that, it can be said that machine learning is designed to make the most accurate predictions. This is going to enable marketers, business owners, and employees of the IT field to make the right decisions when developing and creating new products
. As a result of artificial intelligence’s activity, the machine gets the opportunity to learn, memorize, and reproduce the best option.
Machine learning is used in many areas of activity. It enables to optimize the work of banks, restaurants, factories, and even gas stations. It is also commonly found in the field of Internet sales and work management of chatbots.
What is needed to maximize the quality of machine learning?
For a more precise understanding of the principle of machine learning, I’ve highlighted several important elements in this system. All process of decision-making by artificial intelligence is built on three pillars.
- This factor comprises samples of various types, which a client or a programmer provides. Machine learning development is carried out based on them.
- This includes all needs that the product has to meet. It allows achieving necessary characteristics and properties, which comprise the main concept.
- These are methods, which the program uses to detect errors.
It’s necessary to deeply analyze each of these basic aspects to figure them out. I suggest we start with data. The more information is provided, the more high-quality and clear the decision-making process will be. The amount and nature of the information are directly related to the type of task that the machine has to solve.
For example, it’s necessary to filter spam and advertisement messages. To do so, the program has to see examples, on the basis of which it will filter. It should be able to detect and perceive standard advertising phrases: «buy», «earn at home», «credit», «additional income» and many more.
On the ground of these signs, the system will be sending such letters to a separate folder. This principle is used to create other samples. This can be a simplified selection of goods, the creation of a question-answering bot, or the detection of bugs in the code.
The most voluminous part of the work is creating databases. They’re collected manually or automatically. The first option is more costly but accurate. The second one is simpler, but it allows for more errors.
Signs also play an essential role. In business, these may include buyer’s age, gender, income level, education, etc. A feature set depends on the type of work, purposes, and direction. For this reason, it’s chosen for the machine individually. The quality of the machine’s work fully depends on the correctness of properties. The main thing of their creation is not to limit them severely because it can become a reason for the distorted perception, which might lead to errors in the final result.
Algorithms are a system of sequential operations for solving a specific task. It’s sort of a list of methods, which the machine goes by. Choice of the right algorithm affects the speed of decision-making and the quality of data processing.
What trends and methods will be popular in the field of machine learning in 2022?
We are all observing a fast pace of development and work of technological progress in the IT industry. Therefore, programmers are forced to conduct developments and use innovative tools to achieve the objectives defined. The development pace is so fast that the deadline of the launch of the product is minimum and the technological capabilities and properties of gadgets or apps are increasing.
For this reason, artificial intelligence and machine learning are very popular. Machine learning is incorporated in more and more companies like Google, Netflix, eBay, and many more big and small marketplaces. Due to that, the work with their products becomes as comfortable and easy as possible. Analysts predict that the popularization of machine learning will grow until 2024 and the greatest growth will be seen in 2022 and 2023.
Various tools to work with machine learning, which will come to the forefront in 2022, are already being developed and launched. I suggest we consider the main trends, which are about to facilitate the improvement of the technology and influence the widespread integration of machine learning, in more detail.
The intersection of machine learning and IoT
This is the most discussed and long-awaited trend. It’s related to the development and usage of 5G, which will become a platform to develop internet things. Due to high speed, devices will not only react quickly but also transfer and receive more information.
IoT technology allows connecting multiple devices across one network with the help of the Internet. Year by year, the percentage of output and production volume of the internet things increase. The essence of their work is related to the collection of data that can be analyzed and studied to obtain useful insights. This characteristic is a key one to determine the importance of machine learning.
The use of IoT projects engages many different fields. These can be environment, healthcare, education, trade, IT field, and the like. It is anticipated that by 2022, there will be a lot of various enterprise IoT systems, 80% of which will have the opportunity of machine learning.
In addition, the use of this technology is going to help to maximize a safety indicator. New technologies can contain a lot of errors, which are about to lead to a data leak to the Internet. Since all elements of internet things are directly connected to the Internet, it’s necessary to analyze the opportunity of external threats and eliminate them at the early stages. It’s also linked to the automation of testing with the use of machine learning.
Automated machine learning
As I’ve touched on the subject of automation, we should talk about it in greater detail. This development process
is also a trend of the coming year. It allows specialists to develop more efficient models with higher productivity. Thereat all developments will be focused on the preservation of the top-notch quality of task solving.
The most popular example of a similar tool is AutoML. Its use is suitable to train high-quality custom models. It can help to improve the work even without much knowledge of programming.
Moreover, this product can be useful for subject matter experts as well. The use of AutoML will help to provide training without spending much time or sacrificing the quality of the work. One example of the use of this product can be Microsoft Azure. You can use it to build and deploy predictive models.
Increase of cybersecurity level
Thanks to a high level of technological progress, we increasingly find ourselves using apps or home appliances with permanent access to the Internet. This becomes an important factor to increase the security level and continuously work on ways to protect personal data.
The use of machine learning will make it possible to create innovative models of antivirus software, fighting cyber-crime and hacker attacks, and provide the creation of the improved model to minimize other cyber threats.
I want to highlight the high potential of the use of machine learning to create a smart antivirus. The use of such software will help to identify any virus or malware. It will become possible due to the analysis of a number of parameters:
- behavior of malware;
- code difference;
- comparison of old viruses with new modifications.
All that is about to make it possible to use an anti-virus as an improved model, which is as effective as possible. Many companies are already integrating Machine Learning in Cybersecurity, especially Alphabet and Sqrrl.
Ethics of artificial intelligence
Now that the promotion and development levels of artificial intelligence and machine learning are on the rise, it’s necessary to modernize the ethics of these technologies. It has to be done so that machines are unable to make wrong decisions such as the case with new self-driving cars. Failures in the operation of their AI have led to car crashes and injuries. The program can also draw biased conclusions by separating one group of people from another. It’s related to two main aspects.
- Developers may choose data with biased options. For instance, they can use the information, in which the majority of factors will prevail over some aspect, which might cause the machine to constantly favor one sample.
- Lack of data moderation can push artificial intelligence to learn from data that it gets from users. This can lead to the emergence of prejudice in the neural network of the machine.
Amazon and Microsoft have already had such problems. In the first case, artificial intelligence, which was supposed to help select candidates for different positions, favored men and ignored women’s resumes because it was trained mostly on men’s data.
Microsoft’s case was linked to their chatbot on Twitter. It used to collect data from conversations with people, which led to racist statements, criticism of sexual minorities, and Semitic attitudes. The bot has chosen the position of criticism of all these matters because the system hadn’t been moderated. In order to avoid a scandal, the company had to delete the chat and announce its malfunction. A similar thing has also happened to a humanoid robot Sophia, which used to say inappropriate things about destroying humans.
These problems may arise without a proper level of control and elaboration of artificial intelligence’s databases and algorithms. So it’s required to use improved tools for machine learning.
In 2022, discussions will be actively conducted and decisions will be made for a range of ethical issues:
- exclusion of the possibility of data being biased in favor of a specific indicator;
- maximization of security of conclusions;
- achievement of the average figures between automation and manual labor;
- usage of AI in scientific and educational fields and many more.
The development of artificial intelligence and machine learning won’t run its course in the coming year; therefore, I can safely say that this trend will hold its leading positions for a long time.
Process optimization in the natural speech understanding
We often see all kinds of information about the «Smart home» technology, which works on the basis of smart speakers. The use of voice assistants like Google, Alexa, Siri, or Alisa simplifies some processes as well as allows connecting smart home appliances for non-contact control.
These programs can already recognize the human voice more accurately. Those times, when it was necessary to use a clear set of commands with no possibilities of deviation and with the use of a strict syntactic framework, have passed.
Using machine learning in this field will allow improving and developing this technology significantly. The main direction in the field of improvement of voice assistants is the provision of the possibility to recognize tones and accents, which the user’s intentions will be tracked by. It will make it possible to improve work to the fullest extent and create a more effective model, which will exclude errors in queries.
Main conclusions of the machine learning improvement and trends for 2022
The use and implementation of artificial intelligence are being enhanced at high speed. It will take the leading position and become widespread in all fields pretty soon. Nevertheless, the specialists’ level of training is inadequate. Consequently, our company creates these informative articles, which serve to help regulate the machine learning process and make it effective.
Such corporations as Microsoft, IBM, Google, Amazon, and many others are already allocating budgets of billions of dollars to the development of the technology
of artificial intelligence and machine learning. It serves as a stimulus for the promotion and spreading of this system to all spheres of human activities.
The future of this technology makes it possible to create competitive projects
for top and large companies. Based on data of automated calculation, it will be possible to create new startups
, which will develop and start generating revenue as quickly as possible.
With the use of automated processes, problem solving will be faster without loss in quality. Those moments in projects, which are time-consuming, will be left to machines with artificial intelligence for analysis.
Machine learning is being developed and formed in new models with unique processes now. The computer can learn on its own and with an adequate level of control. It should help to avoid many poor decisions and wrong conclusions. Many models are undergoing different tests. Researchers want to understand how fast and progressively machine learning will learn; what algorithms are right; how to solve the problem with a large amount of negative information online, which can make the system draw wrong conclusions.