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03 January 2021

How to Make a Decentralized Exchange Software Script?

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The script for decentralized exchange is a computer algorithm serving the exchange of digital assets between equal parties without the participation of third parties. Such algorithms are created for decentralized cryptocurrency exchanges (DEX), and they are usually quite complex because they link several elements together (site, trading terminal, wallets, liquidity pools, etc.).

A trader, like any other businessman, has a set of individual needs that generally fall into one of these categories:

When we talk about simplicity, we mean the ease and accessibility of the user interface. This interface is the face of the exchange and therefore plays a decisive role in the company's success. Accordingly, the developed exchange should have it not only pleasant but also unique, as well as thought out to the smallest detail.

The security issue affects the safety of funds. Hacking and leaks on cryptocurrency exchanges are very common. In 2018, the total amount of stolen finance from stock exchanges is approximately $ 927 million. Accordingly, the approach to ensuring internal and external security must be completely professional.

The meaning of the term "asset diversity" is revealed as follows: it means the variety of tokens available on the exchange. Most traders prefer to have a well-trodden path where a step to the side threatens with the wreck. Some people choose to trade small-cap tokens, which leads to the annoying need to constantly switch between exchanges to exchange pump-ready, less common tokens.

By participating in the exchange on a decentralized exchange, the user fully controls the process, his funds and personal data and does not pay a third party for the services of the guarantor. Integrity and reliability of transactions provide blockchain and smart contracts.


How does decentralized exchange work


Authentication process. The site generates a one-time key for entry, which will be valid for a certain period of time, after which the key becomes inactive. Logging in, the user can make the exchange. Some sites may require a KYC procedure if the amount of user transactions exceeds a certain limit. It is not necessary to register.

Exchange process. Decentralized cryptocurrency areas, as a rule, use atomic swaps to automatically exchange one cryptocurrency to another. Transactions are carried out in accordance with the concept of PLUG & PLAY, that is, everything happens here and now, without having to connect a cryptocurrency wallet to the platform or transfer the required amount to the exchange deposit.

er interface elements
There are no intermediaries when trading on DEX


With such an exchange, a cryptocurrency exchange acts as a platform where the parties meet, agree on exchange conditions and conduct a transaction. This happens with the help of trading orders, in which users indicate the trading pair and the course, after which the system automatically compares these data with other orders and, if conformity is revealed, conducts a transaction (or transactions).

If the exchange on the selected trading pair cannot be carried out by means of atomic swaps, the exchange may conduct the transaction using bilateral depositing. This is done through a smart contract that takes the assets of both parties and then exchanges.

How to create a script for a decentralized cryptocurrency exchanger


Hiring a development company


If there is a desire to create an exchanger that will maximally meet the requirements stated by the customer, then the best solution would be to develop software with the help of an outsourced company. The result will be a unique solution, the quality of which will be guaranteed by the contractor.


Ready software


There is nothing easier and at the same time more convenient than an out-of-the-box solution, which is quite simple to choose and buy. Subsequently, the development company independently carries out installation, configuration and testing. An even easier way is to buy a ready-made site and rebrand it (renaming).


White label solutions


Adapting the finished product to a specific brand is often an excellent solution. A cryptocurrency exchange on a standard basis, as a rule, becomes either a temporary alternative or an additional service for customers. The main activity of a buyer of such a product is not related to cryptocurrency, but the topic is quite similar. The presence of a cryptocurrency platform is dictated by trends and demand. This approach saves money and development time, since the script, in fact, has already been created, and its implementation is the installation, configuration and testing steps. At the same time, in contrast to the purchase of the finished product, the setting in the white label solutions is quite wide, so you can create a product that will stand out among competitors.


Development within the company


You can create software for a centralized cryptocurrency exchange inside the company. To do this,  you need to find good specialists, buy equipment, rent (allocate) a room and organize the development process. All this is very burdensome and far from always justified, especially if speed and quality assurance are important.


What to look for when developing


Trading engine


The engine is the core of the created exchange. It is it what connects buyers with sellers. The trading engine collects all the information, elements and functions of the site into one mechanism in order to:

The speed and performance of the exchange depends precisely on the trading mechanism. Typically, platforms use limit and market orders to ensure high levels of performance.

Some systems, for the sake of advanced traders, allow you to place stop-limit and stop-loss orders.

To create a trading engine, you need immersed programming skills and an understanding of blockchain technologies, that is, creating it is long and expensive. But here you can save if you use open source software, which is spread on GeekHub. True, not the fact that this software will be of high quality and reliable.

Atomic swaps


By atomic swaps is meant a kind of peer-to-peer exchange of virtual assets without the participation of third parties, including exchangers. Usually, with their help, people exchange one cryptocurrency for another, but there may be options with the exchange of data, certificates and other.


An example of an atomic swap for exchanging bitcoins for air

By their nature, these are smart contracts that work with two blockchains and use the Lightning Network protocol for exchange. Within such contracts, there is either a parallel simultaneous exchange algorithm or an algorithm using bilateral escrow.

Advantages of atomic swaps:

  1. Price. Atomic swaps use the Lightning Network, so the transaction fees for such operations are very low. For example, one dollar is enough for hundreds of bitcoin transactions in the Lightning Network. While the commission for a normal bitcoin transaction is 25 cents (February 12, 2019).

  2. Decentralization. Atomic operations are initiated by direct participants in the transaction, and no one can intervene or cancel them.

  3. Speed. If you do not take into account the time to wait for the confirmation of the transaction to close the contract, then we can say that the exchange operation is carried out almost instantly.

  4. Lightness. The fewer participants, the easier the transaction.

  5. Safety. The chance of data being stolen is minimal, since information flows directly from client to client without intermediaries such as a centralized exchange or third party.


Nevertheless, there are a number, if not drawbacks, then points to which attention must be paid. First of all, in order to carry out an exchange using atomic swaps, cryptocurrencies must be based on blockchains that use the same hashing algorithm (for example, SHA-256). Moreover, currencies must be compatible with HTLC and other programmable features. In addition, some researchers are worried about the problem of privacy: it is quite possible to track atomic trunks in the blockchain, thanks to which a technically competent person can easily link user addresses to each other.

Order book


Decentralized platforms, as a rule, do not like to use standard order books, instead they use Distributed hash table (DHT). As in the case of a decentralized blockchain, the information in such order books is encrypted and distributed among the nodes of the ecosystem. Therefore, in order to change or steal it, you need to find and crack most of these nodes.

Features of DHT order books:

User interface


This is how the user sees your exchange. The interface should be user-friendly, fault-tolerant and pleasant in appearance. The user should at a glance understand how to make a trade, what needs to be done and how to access other functions.


Sample DEX user interface elements

When developing a user interface, you need to be guided by such rules:

  1. Logical and consistent provision of information that will reduce the user's cognitive stress and facilitate familiarity with the system and its use.

  2. Minimize potential user errors. At the same time it should be possible to quickly roll back all actions back and perform them again.

  3. All icons and buttons must be standardized, that is, they mean the same thing in different sections and run the same actions (forward, back, cancel, buy, etc.).

  4. Aesthetics and minimalism.


Payment instruments


This is an optional module, since the script for decentralized cryptocurrency exchange works directly with users' wallets. However, to increase audience coverage and turnover on the site, you need to think about exchanging virtual assets for fiat money and vice versa. For this, it is necessary to establish partnerships with banks and payment services.

The choice of specific payment services should depend on geography:

  1. North America: PayPal, 2Checkout, Simplify Commerce, Stripe, WorldPay, SagePay, Amazon Payments.

  2. Latin America: 2Checkout, PayU Latam, Mercado Pago, Pagseguro, WorldPay.

  3. European Union: SecurionPay, Skrill, Stripe, Amazon Pay, PayPal.

  4. Asia: 2Checkout, Paypal, Skrill, WorldPay, Alipay, UnionPay, Tenpay.

  5. CIS: PayPal, WebMoney, Qiwi, Yandex.Money, Robokassa.

  6. Africa: MyGate, SagePay, Ingenico, WafaCash, Skrill.


To activate MasterCard, VISA, American Express payment services, you need to contact your local bank and conclude an appropriate agreement with it.

Internal messenger


If the exchange focuses not only on automatic exchange operations but also on direct transactions between users, then adding a component that provides real-time communication is more than necessary.

To ensure full-scale communication, the messenger must be embedded in the script, that is, it must not be a buffer between the platform and the mail or stand-alone messengers. The rest of the requirements for the messenger are a decentralized way of messaging and independence from blockchain networks

Admin panel


Needed to manage the resource and configuration of variable exchange configurations. To the capabilities of this working tool you need to add such features:

  1. Ability to manually replenish accounts in case of problems with support and tickets.

  2. Managing the listing of trading pairs.

  3. Expansion of the cryptocurrency list.

  4. Change of trade fees.

  5. Means of arbitration.


Liquidity


Decentralized exchanges do not force users to transfer money to site deposits, thus creating liquidity pools, which is why such sites have problems with transaction processing speed. This problem is solved in two ways:

  1. Dealing Center - a module that creates an “artificial” course for selected trading pairs. By betting on these trading pairs, traders play against the stock exchange.

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