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the cost of money transactions, optimize supply chains, improve buyer-customer interaction, automate business processes, document management and much more. Further on, using real examples we will tell you how all this can be achieved in the alcohol industry - a market with a turnover of 1,448 billion dollars and a compound annual growth rate of 10% by 2028.
Optimization of supply chains
. Business goals and objectives of supply chains in alcohol industry are the same as in other producers and distributors - to provide maximum level of service at minimum costs. But the business itself is specific - there are many specific conditions, affecting the quality and cost of the end product. Here are just the most important of them:
- Strict control. To protect against counterfeit and counterfeit alcohol and is subject to labeling, control and regulation by a three-tier distribution system (manufacturer/importer, distributor, retailer). Each bottle/package is subject to strict accounting and control of the movement of alcohol from producer to consumer - this is a requirement of all countries. Which creates additional logistical difficulties and leads to increased costs compared to other categories of FMCG-segment.
- Seasonality of sales. In November and December (the period of New Year and Christmas holidays) the volume of sales of alcoholic beverages is almost comparable to the volume generated in the other ten months, which often creates logistical chaos: delays in delivery and increased costs.
- Difficulties with paperwork. Strict controls on alcohol production and sales make it difficult to maintain paperwork, forcing companies to spend more resources and money on accounting.
. Blockchain-based logistics platforms can address supply chain inefficiencies, quality and certification, and counterfeit products. With a decentralized framework, immutable data and public transactions, it is possible to create a network that aggregates all data about the movement of goods from producers to customers and makes it available to all participants in the supply chain. And the data provided can be segregated depending on the platform participant. For example, producers and retailers would have access to all data, while buyers would only have access to data about the producer, storage conditions and raw materials.
Alcohol supply chain diagram. The system aggregates data on each stage and provides it to all stakeholders. Source
The most prominent example of blockchain integration in supply chains is the TradeLens logistics platform
, launched by major shipping company Maersk in partnership with IBM. It is an open and neutral platform for maritime freight and supply chain management of not only alcohol, but all other goods.
It was launched in September 2016 and has already proven its effectiveness by automating most business processes, reducing paperwork costs by up to 70% depending on the supply chain, and reducing cargo tracking time to a few seconds.
Among the blockchain-based logistics platforms focused on alcohol supply chain optimization is EY Ops Chain, a set of applications and services to simplify the management of Italian wine supply chains. Also of note is VeChain, a network designed with a focus on supply chains such as spirits, luxury goods and automobiles. This network is already used by Ricci Curbastro, Ruffino Wines, West Wind Wines and others.
The fight against counterfeit products
. According to various estimates, the share of counterfeit in the global market of alcoholic beverages ranges from 0.2% to 1% in developed countries and from 5% to 10% in developing countries. At the same time in some sectors of the market the situation may be even worse, as, for example, in the supply of European wines to China, where the share of counterfeit can reach 20%. The most common way to counterfeit spirits is by printing a fake label; using labels from more expensive wines and trivial substitution of wine content with lower quality alcohol. The latter case is a particularly serious problem, as it is the leading cause of alcohol poisoning in the world.
. Thanks to the fact that blockchain can guarantee the validity and traceability of data, it can be used among other things, to verify the authenticity of alcoholic beverages quickly and easily. To do this, a RIFT sensor with a unique one-time code or NFT is attached to each batch
, package or bottle (if it's high-end liquor), which tracks the movement of the product from the producer to the end consumer.
The RIFT sensor records all product transactions (production, shipment, transportation, storage, etc.) on a blockchain, and the system then provides this information to end users, allowing them to verify the authenticity and license of the liquor in the store.
Verifying the authenticity of liquor via blockchain is simply scanning a barcode, QR code or NFC tag for the customer. Source
In addition, such platforms often record not only data on production, shipment, purchase and other operations but also data on the conditions of transportation and storage of goods, which allows you to check the quality of the goods (for example, whether the wine turned into vinegar due to high temperatures).
There are a lot of projects such as these, here are just a few of them:
- Wide Wine. This premium wine producer has launched a blockchain platform for debugging wine supply chains with which customers can quickly check the authenticity of drinks and also see who made them, whether they entered the country legally and so on.
- Cellr. Cellr, an Australian company, is fighting counterfeit wine by installing NFC and RFID chips in bottle caps. Users can scan those caps with their smartphones and check all the data on the wine.
- Chai Vault. This is a blockchain platform created by Maureen Downey to evaluate wine and fight fraud in the market. Chai Vault is based on the Everledger blockchain, which collects and stores data about the movement of wine through the sales chain and makes it available to distributors, retailers and consumers.
- Helt Spårat. This solution uses the IBM Food Trust network to improve supply chain visibility of Swedish Ängöl Brewery's products. With its help, distributors, retailers and end consumers can easily check the authenticity of beer and know what ingredients it is made from.
- Changyu Pioneer Wine. Chinese technology giant Tencent has begun partnering with wine producer Changyu Pioneer Wine to apply blockchain to the wine supply chain. The network gives each bottle a unique certificate spelled out on blockchain, which customers can use to verify the authenticity of the product by scanning the QR code on the bottle.
- Sina. Chinese Internet giant Sina, known for its Twitter-like microblogging app, has partnered with Baijiu producer Wuliangye Yibin to create a tracking platform for baijiu, a clear liquor created from fermented sorghum.
- The Stin. Austrian gin maker The Stin has also launched blockchain and NFC-based platforms to increase transparency in its supply chain. In partnership with Austrian blockchain company block42, The Stin will use NFC to verify the authenticity of its goods.
- DRNK. Beverage maker Omniaz has partnered with Wine Connection to launch DRNK (Drink, Rewards, Network, Knowledge), a mobile app through which users can access detailed information about Omniaz wines, beers and other spirits.
- ISBG. International Spirits & Beverage Group, a manufacturer and marketer of global brands of alcohol, tobacco and other products, has launched Volum, a blockchain to manage the sales and distribution processes of alcohol products that can be used by any market participant to verify the authenticity, quality and legality of their alcoholic beverages.
Customer loyalty programs
. Traditional loyalty programs create problems for both companies and customers. Companies are usually heavily concerned with personalization, increasing conversion rates and also channel uniformity. On the customer side, there are problems with restrictions and rules, reward options and the most common problem is the loss of all accumulated bonus points after some period of time. Because of this, few people use loyalty programs, despite all the benefits they offer consumers.
Main problems of loyalty programs. Source
This technology can be integrated with loyalty programs in two main ways. The first is that instead of traditional points or free drinks, loyalty programs can reward consumers with cryptocurrency
, which they can buy, sell and transfer to each other on various cryptocurrency exchanges
. This would solve the problem of losing accumulated points and make them much more marketable.
Secondly, the blockchain platform can be integrated with a loyalty management system to automate business processes, ensure secure and automatically matched transactions, increase business efficiency and improve the member experience. Which would reduce the cost of the loyalty program and also reduce fraud in this area.
There are a number of startups like Vexanium, Gift Jeenie, Qiibee and Loyela that are implementing blockchain-based loyalty programs. But overall, this type of program is still in its infancy and the alcohol industry is no exception.
Here are a few of the most prominent examples in this direction:
- American Express has launched a blockchain-based solution that will allow merchants to link American Express rewards points to their own products. Boxed was the first company to connect its loyalty program to American Express' blockchain initiative.
- Chanticleer Holdings. The owner of American Burger Co., BGR and several Hooters restaurants has given customers the ability to use Merit rewards cryptocurrency at any of its restaurants.
- Starbucks. The largest international quick-service café chain has launched an NFT-based Starbucks Odyssey loyalty program that rewards customers with tokens that entitle them to discounts, special merchandise and invitations to events at Reserve roasting rooms and trips to the brand's coffee farm in Costa Rica
- Loyyal. It is a blockchain-as-a-service solution that provides an architecture for launching your own loyalty programs.
Marketing strategies and advertising
. Advertising of alcoholic beverages is severely restricted in most countries (cannot be shown on TV during the day, advertisements must be placed near schools, harmful messages must be indicated, etc.). All these restrictions complicate the work of marketers and force them to look for workarounds, which are often more expensive and less effective.
The simplest examples of such advertising are: charity; support of sports and other events: advertising not of alcoholic drinks and cigarettes but of the manufacturer's brand; advertising in movies and TV series; or hidden advertising by bloggers and celebrities (clothes with the product or brand name, the product in the frame, mentioning the product in the "I would like to drink now..." or "I will buy..." ).
. Instead of costly and ineffective advertising, producers and sellers of alcoholic beverages can use the excitement around NFTs to attract an audience and advertise their goods, as well as to build long-term engagement with end consumers around the world.
Perhaps the most prominent example of this marketing strategy is the release of the limited edition Hennessy-8. Two NFTs, numbered 1/250 and 250/250, were put up for sale at a cost of $226,000 each. Both tokens provide physical and digital ownership. And while few people really care about the digital picture, the physical attributes of both NFTs are a real gift for connoisseurs: a bottle of genuine Hennessy-8 limited edition cognac; a commemorative sculpture; an engraved Baccarat carafe; an original cork rack and chest designed by Arik Levy; a personalized message on the carafe; a trip to the Hennessy estate in Cognac, France.
The decanter and stand that come with the NFT Hennessy-8. Source
Another striking example is the sale of Château Avenue Foch 2017 Champagne for a "modest" $2.5 million. Such a high price is due to the fact that along with the drink the buyer received the NFT created by the artists of the Bored Ape Yacht Club (BAYC), the most famous and expensive collection of NFTs. NFTs were put on the label of the champagne which was also decorated with Swarovski crystals.
NFT Bored Ape Yacht Club (BAYC) champagne sold for $2.5 million (or 2,500 ETH), the highest champagne price on record. Source
Another project worth mentioning is the NFT Wine Club from the world-famous Budweiser lager producer. It is an exclusive club that creates its own meta-universe, where NFT gives special privileges such as access to the meta-universe itself or exclusive rewards in the digital and physical worlds.
Other companies that have used NFTs to promote alcoholic beverages also include Bacardi (the most famous rum producer), Dictador (producer of Colombian aged rum), Dalmore (whiskey giant), Bud Light (the largest beer producer) and Hello Fam (wine brand). All of these companies used NFTs to promote their alcoholic products.
Blockchain trading platform
We have already written that the sale of alcoholic beverages is severely hampered by strict government controls and high levels of counterfeiting. At the same time, the worst situation is in the high-end drinks sector, as only a very small number of people can tell the difference between an original high-end drink and a fake. That is why each such transaction is accompanied by a special certificate of authenticity from an independent auditor or company.
Not long ago, a blockchain-based solution was introduced that could solve most of the problems associated with the sale of high-end spirits. It will create a vault where all the elite drinks will be stored and each bottle or barrel will have its own NFT that can be traded in open markets or used to get your hands on the appropriate bottle, barrel or package of alcohol.
This is the principle behind the BlockBar trading platform. This blockchain platform accepts alcoholic beverages for storage, verifies their authenticity and creates NFTs for them. BlockBar services can be used by both wine producers and resellers as well as collectors - the first lot on the site was 15 bottles of collectible Glenfiddich 1973 Scotch whiskey. Now BlockBar is used by Pernod Ricard, William Grant & Sons, Moët Hennessy and many other world-known spirits suppliers.
The most expensive lots on BlockBar. Source
Another example is CWEX (Crypto Wine Exchange). It is a decentralized platform for buying and selling collectible and common wine for crypto. The service provides a certificate of ownership of each bottle of wine and guarantees the anonymity and security of each trading transaction
. Excise taxes are indirect taxes on the sale or usage of certain products such as alcohol, tobacco and energy resources. The process of controlling and collecting excise taxes is a complicated procedure with rather weak protections against fraud and evasion. The entire point is, such protection is a simple check of a stamped paper and a hologram. Both are quite easy to forge which fraudsters around the world take advantage of.
. If the supply chain of alcoholic beverages is written on a blockchain, excise tax payment can be reduced to a simple smart contract that automates this process
and makes verification into a very simple procedure. And this is not just a hypothetical possibility but a fully operational program implemented in TradeLens and other such networks.
Using blockchain for excise taxes in the tobacco and alcohol industries. Source